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Health and Health Care Delivery in Canada 2nd Edition Test Bank

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Chapter 1: The History of Health Care in Canada

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

     1.   When and where was Canada’s first medical school established?

a.

Saskatoon, in 1868

b.

Ottawa, in 1867

c.

Montreal, in 1825

d.

Kingston, in 1855

 

 

ANS:  C

 

 

Feedback

A

The first medical school was not established in Saskatoon in 1868.

B

The first medical school was not established in Ottawa in 1867.

C

The first medical school in Canada was established in 1825 in Montreal.

D

The first medical school was not established in Kingston in 1855.

 

 

DIF:    Cognitive Level: Knowledge          REF:   p. 4

 

     2.   In 1834, William Kelly deduced which public health principle?

a.

Vaccination can successfully eradicate smallpox.

b.

Education is directly related to health.

c.

Quarantine effectively contains infections.

d.

Sanitation and disease are related.

 

 

ANS:  D

 

 

Feedback

A

William Kelly did not deduce that smallpox could be eliminated with a vaccine.

B

William Kelly did not deduce that education level was related to health.

C

William Kelly did not introduce quarantine to contain disease.

D

William Kelly suspected a relationship between sanitation and disease and deduced that water might be a source of contamination.

 

 

DIF:    Cognitive Level: Knowledge          REF:   p. 5

 

     3.   Which of the following volunteer organizations was involved in the evolution of health care in Canada?

a.

The Order of St. John

b.

The Veterans’ Society

c.

The St. Andrew’s Society

d.

The Canadian Nurses Association

 

 

ANS:  A

 

 

Feedback

A

The Order of St. John was introduced in Canada in 1883; the members had knowledge of first aid, disaster relief, and home nursing.

B

The Veterans’ Society did not play a part in the evolution of health care in Canada.

C

The St. Andrew’s Society did not play a part in the evolution of health care in Canada.

D

The Canadian Nurses Association did not play a part in the early evolution of health care in Canada.

 

 

DIF:    Cognitive Level: Knowledge          REF:   p. 6

 

     4.   What did the Hospital Insurance and Diagnostic Services Act (1957) propose?

a.

Provinces without a health insurance plan must pay additional federal tax.

b.

Provinces and territories with a health insurance plan would receive substantial funding from the federal government.

c.

Certain services would no longer be funded by the federal government.

d.

Physicians would be allowed to charge a fee for service to the client.

 

 

ANS:  B

 

 

Feedback

A

The Hospital Insurance and Diagnostic Services Act did not propose an increase in tax for provinces without a plan.

B

Under the Hospital Insurance and Diagnostic Services Act (1957), provinces and territories with a health insurance plan would have funding matched by the federal government by 50 cents for every dollar.

C

The Hospital Insurance and Diagnostic Services Act did not propose the removal of insured medical services.

D

The Hospital Insurance and Diagnostic Services Act did not allow physicians to charge a fee for service.

 

 

DIF:    Cognitive Level: Knowledge          REF:   p. 13

 

     5.   What major change in political thinking occurred in post–World War II Canada in relation to health care?

a.

Universities should educate more nurses.

b.

The government should not be required to provide access to primary health care.

c.

Individual families should be responsible for absorbing the cost of health care.

d.

Governments should be responsible for providing basic services like health care.

 

 

ANS:  D

 

 

Feedback

A

The need to educate more nurses was not part of post–World War II thinking in Canada.

B

The lack of responsibility of the government to provide health care was not part of post–World War II thinking in Canada.

C

The belief that families should bear the cost of health care was not part of the political thinking in post–World War II Canada.

D

In post–World War II Canada, and in the aftermath of a depression, the thinking shifted to the idea that governments had an obligation to provide Canadians with a better standard of living, including access to quality health care.

 

 

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